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John Darby Bible Version
Judges Chapter 3
1 And these are the nations that Jehovah left, to prove Israel by them, all that had not known all the wars of Canaan;
2 only that the generations of the children of Israel might know war by learning it, at the least those who before had known nothing thereof:
3 five lord ships of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwell on mount Lebanon; from mount Baal-Hermon unto the entering into Hamath.
4 And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would obey the commandments of Jehovah, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.
5 And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites: Hittites and Amorites and Perizzites and Hivites and Jebusites;
6 and they took their daughters as wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.
7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of Jehovah, and forgot Jehovah their God, and served the Baals and the Asherahs.
8 And the anger of Jehovah was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia; and the children of Israel served Chushan-rishathaim eight years.
9 And the children of Israel cried to Jehovah; and Jehovah raised up a saviour to the children of Israel, who saved them, Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.
10 And the Spirit of Jehovah was upon him, and he judged Israel; and he went out to war, and Jehovah gave Chushan-rishathaim king of Syria into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushan-rishathaim.
11 And the land had rest forty years; and Othniel the son of Kenaz died.
12 And the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of Jehovah; and Jehovah strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they did evil in the sight of Jehovah.
13 And he gathered to him the children of Ammon and Amalek and went and smote Israel, and they took possession of the city of palm-trees.
14 And the children of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.
15 And the children of Israel cried to Jehovah, and Jehovah raised them up a saviour, Ehud the son of Gera, the Benjaminite, a man left-handed. And by him the children of Israel sent a gift to Eglon king of Moab.
16 And Ehud made him a sword having two edges, it was of a cubit length; and he girded it under his raiment upon his right hip.
17 And he brought the gift to Eglon king of Moab; now Eglon was a very fat man.
18 And it came to pass when he had ended offering the gift, he sent away the people that had borne the gift.
19 But he turned from the graven images that were by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret word unto thee, O king. And he said, Be silent! And all that stood by him went out from him.
20 And Ehud came to him; now he was sitting in the cool upper-chamber, which was for him alone. And Ehud said, I have a word from God unto thee. And he arose from the seat.
21 Then Ehud put forth his left hand, and took the sword from his right hip, and thrust it into his belly;
22 and the haft also went in after the blade, and the fat closed upon the blade; for he did not draw the sword out of his belly, and it came out between the legs.
23 And Ehud went out into the portico, and shut the doors of the upper-chamber upon him, and bolted them.
24 And when he was gone out, the servants of the [king] came and saw, and behold, the doors of the upper-chamber were bolted. And they said, Surely he is covering his feet in the summer chamber.
25 And they waited till they were ashamed; and behold, he opened not the doors of the upper-chamber, and they took the key, and opened [them], and behold, their lord lay dead on the earth.
26 And Ehud had escaped while they lingered, and passed beyond the graven images, and escaped to Seirah.
27 And it came to pass when he was come, that he blew a trumpet in the hill-country of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the hill-country, and he before them.
28 And he said to them, Follow after me, for Jehovah has delivered your enemies the Moabites into your hand. And they went down after him, and took the fords of the Jordan toward Moab, and suffered no one to pass over.
29 And they slew the Moabites at that time, about ten thousand men, all fat, and all men of valour, and not a man escaped.
30 And Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest eighty years.
31 And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath; and he smote the Philistines, six hundred men, with an ox-goad. And he also delivered Israel.
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Articles that contain references to Judges 3
19 results found for Judges 3:
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Judges - 05 Othniel
Old Testament History - 3.8 - Ai, Achan's Sin
Old Testament History 4.9 - Amalek, Saul's Disobedience, Agag
Old Testament History - 4.11 - Saul's Jealousy, David and Michal, Saul among the prophets
Old Testament History - 3.14 - Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar
Old Testament History - 6.8 - Elisha, Jericho, Healing
Old Testament History - 3.21 - Ruth, The Judges, David's Ancestors
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Jamison Bible Commentary
Judges Chapter 3
1 Jud 3:1-4. Nations Left to Prove Israel.
1. these are the nations which the Lord left, to prove Israel This was the special design of these nations being left, and it evinces the direct influence of the theocracy under which the Israelites were placed. These nations were left for a double purpose: in the first instance, to be instrumental, by their inroads, in promoting the moral and spiritual discipline of the Israelites; and also to subserve the design of making them acquainted with war, in order that the young, more especially, who were total strangers to it, might learn the use of weapons and the art of wielding them.
5 Jud 3:5-7. By Communion with These the Israelites Commit Idolatry.
5-7. the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites The two peoples by degrees came to be on habits of intercourse. Reciprocal alliances were formed by marriage till the Israelites, relaxing the austerity of their principles, showed a growing conformity to the manners and worship of their idolatrous neighbors.
8 Jud 3:8-11. Othniel Delivers Israel.
8-11. sold them that is, "delivered them"
into the hand of Chushan-rishathaim or, Chushan, "the wicked." This name had been probably given him from his cruel and impious character.
served Chushan-rishathaim eight years by the payment of a stipulated tribute yearly, the raising of which must have caused a great amount of labor and privation.
9 9. when the children of Israel cried unto the Lord In their distress they had recourse to earnest prayer, accompanied by humble and penitent confession of their errors.
Othniel(See on Jos 15:16; Jud 1:13). His military experience qualified him for the work, while the gallant exploits he was known to have performed, gained him the full confidence of his countrymen in his ability as a leader.
10 10. The Spirit of the Lord came upon him and he judged Israel, and went out to war Impelled by a supernatural influence, he undertook the difficult task of government at this national crisisaddressing himself to promote a general reformation of manners, the abolition of idolatry, and the revival of pure religion. After these preliminary measures, he collected a body of choice warriors to expel the foreign oppressors.
the Lord delivered Chushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushan-rishathaim No details are given of this war, which, considering the resources of so potent a monarch, must have been a determined struggle. But the Israelitish arms were crowned through the blessing of God with victory, and Canaan regained its freedom and independence.
11 11. Othniel died How powerful the influence of one good man is, in church or state, is best found in his loss [Bishop Hall].
12 Ehud Slays Eglon.
12-14. the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the Lord The Israelites, deprived of the moral and political influences of Othniel, were not long in following their native bias to idolatry.
the Lord strengthened Eglon the king of Moab The reigning monarch's ambition was to recover that extensive portion of his ancient territory possessed by the Israelites. In conjunction with his neighbors, the Ammonites and the Amalekites, sworn enemies of Israel, he first subjected the eastern tribes; then crossing the Jordan, he made a sudden incursion on western Canaan, and in virtue of his conquests, erected fortifications in the territory adjoining Jericho [Josephus], to secure the frontier, and fixed his residence there. This oppressor was permitted, in the providence of God, to triumph for eighteen years.
15 15. Ehud the son of Gera descended from Gera, one of Benjamin's sons (Ge 46:21).
left-handed This peculiarity distinguished many in the Benjamite tribe (Jud 20:16). But the original word is rendered in some versions "both-handed," a view countenanced by 1Ch 12:2.
by him the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the king of Moab the yearly tribute, which, according to Eastern fashion, would be borne with ostentatious ceremony and offered (Jud 3:18) by several messengers.
16 16. Ehud made him a dagger and he did gird it upon his right thigh The sword was usually worn on the left side; so that Ehud's was the more likely to escape detection.
19 19. quarries rather, "graven images" (De 7:25; Jer 8:19; 51:52); statues of Moabite idols, the sight of which kindled the patriotic zeal of Ehud to avenge this public insult to Israel on its author.
I have a secret errand unto thee, O king: who said, Keep silence"Privacy"a signal for all to withdraw.
20 20. a summer parlourHebrew, "chamber of cooling"one of those retired edifices which Oriental grandees usually have in their gardens, and in which they repose during the heat of the day.
21 21-26. Ehud put forth his left hand The whole circumstance of this daring actthe death of Eglon without a shriek, or noisethe locking of the doorsthe carrying off the keythe calm, unhurried deportment of Ehudshow the strength of his confidence that he was doing God service.
27 27. he blew a trumpet in the mountain of Ephraim summoned to arms the people of that mountainous region, which, adjoining the territory of Benjamin, had probably suffered most from the grievous oppression of the Moabites.
28 28. they went down after him, and took the fords(See on Jos 2:7). With the view of preventing all escape to the Moabite coast, and by the slaughter of ten thousand men [Jud 3:29], Ehud rescued his country from a state of ignominious vassalage.
31 31. after him was Shamgar No notice is given of the tribe or family of this judge; and from the Philistines being the enemy that roused him into public service, the suffering seems to have been localconfined to some of the western tribes.
slew six hundred men with an oxgoad This instrument is eight feet long and about six inches in circumference. It is armed at the lesser end with a sharp prong for driving the cattle, and on the other with a small iron paddle for removing the clay which encumbers the plough in working. Such an instrument, wielded by a strong arm, would do no mean execution. We may suppose, however, for the notice is very fragmentary, that Shamgar was only the leader of a band of peasants, who by means of such implements of labor as they could lay hold of at the moment, achieved the heroic exploit recorded.
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