Torrey - Satan - 2.03 - Satan's Original Condition


V. 12 — "Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, thus saith the Lord God; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty."

First Proposition: Satan was full of wisdom and perfect in beauty, sealing up the sum of created perfection.

V. 13 — "Thou has been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, the topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was in thee; in the day that thou wast created."

Second Proposition: He was in Eden, the garden of God.

This does not appear to have been the Adamic Eden, but an earlier one.

The Adamic Eden was remarkable for its vegetable glory ( Genesis 2:9).

This early Eden for its mineral glory. Compare to the New Jerusalem which is to be. Revelation 21:10-21 — "And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God. Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal; and had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: On the east three gates; on the north three gates; on the south three gates; and on the west three gates. And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof. And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth; and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal. And he measured the wall thereof, a hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel. And the building of the wall of it was of jasper: and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass, and the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire: the third, a chalcedony; the fourth an emerald; the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth an amethyst. And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; every several gates was of one pearl; and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass."

In the Adamic Eden, Satan was present not as here, as a minister of God, but as an apostate spirit and a tempter. The glory of this early Eden seems to have been specially prepared for Satan (RV, last clause v. 13). There was also the pomp o:f royalty, tabrets, and pipes.

V. 14 — -"Thou wast the anointed cherub that covereth."

Third Proposition: Satan was the anointed cherub that covered.

Anointed and set apart as the priest of God ( Leviticus 8:12). A cherub, a high, or maybe the highest, rank in the angelic world. Compare to the living creatures leading the worship of the universe in Revelation: Revelation 4:9-10 RV — "And when the living creatures shall give glory and honour and thanks to him that sitteth on the throne, to him that liveth for ever and ever, the four and twenty elders shall fall down before him that sitteth on the throne, and shall worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and shall cast their crowns before the throne, saying." Revelation 5:14 RV — "And the four living creatures said, Amen. And the elders fell down and worshipped."

He was not a cherub, but "the cherub," the cherub "that covereth." There may be an allusion to this in the covering cherubim. Ezekiel 37:9 — "And the cherubim spread out their wings on high, and covered with their wings over the mercy seat, with their faces one to another; even to the mercy seatward were the faces of the cherubim."

It seems to be hinted that Satan was the one who led the worship of the universe. If so, he tried to direct to himself what properly belonged to God.

This is a danger with all priests and ministers.

V. 14 — "And I set thee, so that thou wast upon the holy mountain of God."

Fourth Proposition: The devil was "upon the holy mountain of God, ' i.e., the place where God visibly manifested His glory.

V. 14 — "Thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire."

Fifth Proposition: The devil "walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire." The living creatures of Ezekiel 1:15,22, 25-26 RV were just beneath a "firmament, like the colour of the terrible crystal." "And above the firmament was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone." In Exodus 24:10 RV, when the seventy elders "saw the God of Israel," "there was under his feet as it were a paved work of sapphire stone, and as it were the very heaven for clearness." In verse 17 "the appearance of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel." This may give us an idea of what "the stones of fire" were. Satan seems to have been very near God.

V. 15 — "Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till unrighteousness was found in thee."

Sixth Proposition: Satan was perfect in his ways from the day that he was created until unrighteousness was found in him.

He is evidently a created being.

V. 16 — "By the multitude of thy traffic they filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned."

This seems to refer in part to Satan's manifestation in the Antichrist. It has been suggested that the word translated "traffic" comes from a root which means to travel either for merchandise or for slander, and the word should have been translated "slander," and that the devil means "the slanderer." (Compare to Revelation 12:10 and Job 1:9.) This is not likely. There is a closely related word, from the same root, which is translated in the several passages where "slander, .... carry tales," "talebearer" are used, but the precise word found in our passage is used four times ( Ezekiel 28:5; 28:18, 26:12; 28:16), and is translated either "traffic" or "merchandise." All these passages are in Ezekiel, and some would be impossible to translate by "slander." The word from which it is immediately derived is used twice ( Song of Solomon 3:6; Ezekiel 27:20) and is translated "merchant" ( Ezekiel 27:20 RV, "trafficker").

V. 17 — "Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness."

Seventh Proposition: Satan's heart was lifted up because of his beauty; he corrupted his wisdom because of his brightness. (Compare to Timothy 3:6 RV Margin.)