Torrey - Christ -5.3- Who Did Christ Die For?

III. WHO DID CHRIST DIE FOR? Romans 8:32 — "He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?" Ephesians 5:2 — "And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour." Titus 2:14 "Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works." 1 Corinthians 5:7 — "Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us." 2 Corinthians 5:21 — "For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him."

First Proposition: Jesus Christ died "for us," for believers in Jesus Christ.

Jesus Christ died for all men, but His death was especially for those who by faith take the blessings His death purchased. ( 1 Timothy 4:10 — -"For therefore we both labor and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, especially of those that believe." This is the truth contained in the old doctrine of a limited atonement.) Ephesians 5:25-27 — "Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; that he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, that he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish."

Second Proposition: Jesus Christ gave himself for His Church.

While Christ died for all, He had His bride, whom He would redeem for Himself, especially in view, and His death avails especially for Her. Galatians 2:20 — "I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me."

Third Proposition: Jesus Christ gave Himself for individual believers; not merely for the church as a body, but for each individual in the body, so that each believer can say, "He loved me and gave himself for me." Romans 14:15 — "But if thy brother be grieved with thy meat, now walkest thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died." 1 Corinthians 8:11 — "And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died?"

Fourth Proposition: Jesus Christ died for the weak brother.

He died not only for the strong, enlightened, mature Christian, but for the weakest member of the household of faith as well. If we would bear this in mind, we would be more patient considerate toward the weak Christian who does not progress as rapidly as we wish. He is a weak brother, it is true, but he is "the weak brother for whom Christ died." Matthew 20:28 — "Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many."

Fifth Proposition: Jesus Christ died for many. It was no small company for whom Christ died. Revelation 5:9, RV — "Worthy art thou to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and didst purchase unto God with thy blood men of every tribe, and tongue, and people, and nation."

Sixth Proposition: Jesus Christ died for men of every tribe, and tongue, and people, and nation.

Here is the foundation warrant for worldwide missions, and here is the urgent call to press the work: "Let me go and find in the heart of Africa the men of that tribe for whom Christ died." John 1:29 — "The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world!"

Seventh Proposition: Jesus Christ died for the whole world.

On the grounds of Christ's death, God can deal with the whole world in mercy. The death of Christ is sufficient for the whole world, but it is fully efficient for believers only. We shall see that it is in part efficient for all humankind ( 1 John 2:2; 1 Corinthians 15:22).Jesus Christ is the head of the church ( Ephesians 1:22) and died for it as its head. But He is also in another sense the head of the race — the second Adam — and died for all men as the head of the race ( 1 Corinthians 15:22,45). 1 Timothy 2:6 — "Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time."

Eighth Proposition: Jesus Christ gave Himself a ransom for all.

He died for all. The ransom price is paid for all. Provision is made for all.

Mercy can be preached to all. The sin accounts of all men are all settled.

All men are potentially forgiven; all they need to do is to accept by faith and thus make their own the pardon purchased. Hebrews 2:9 — "But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honor; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man."

Ninth Proposition: Jesus Christ tasted death for every man.

He died for every man. Not only for all men as a race, but for each individual man in the race. On the ground of Christ's death God can deal in mercy with each individual and offer him salvation on the ground of Christ's death. 1 Peter 3:18 — "For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit."

Tenth Proposition: Jesus Christ died for the unjust. Romans 5:8 — "But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us."

Eleventh Proposition: Jesus Christ died for sinners. Romans 5:6 — "For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.

Twelfth Proposition: Jesus Christ died for the ungodly.

IV. THE RESULTS OF CHRIST'S DEATH. IN RELATION TO MEN IN GENERAL John 12:32-33 — "And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. This he said, signifying what death he should die."

First Proposition: Through the death of Jesus Christ all men are drawn unto Him.

The death of Christ is the world's great magnet drawing all men unto Him.

There are many who will resist that drawing to their own ruin ( John 5:40). But the crucified Christ draws all men. 1 John 2:2 — "And he is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world."

Second Proposition: By the death of Jesus Christ a propitiation is provided for the world.

A basis is provided upon which God can deal in mercy with the world. All God's dealings in mercy with anyone are on the grounds of Christ's death, and only on the grounds of Christ's death.

QUESTION: How, then, did God deal in mercy with those before Christ's time?

ANSWER: Revelation 13:8 — "And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship Him, whose names are not written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world." The death of Christ was in God's sight an eternal fact. He planned it from the beginning. Note. The propitiation of Christ bears a different relation to the believer than to the world in general. 1 John 2:2 RV — "He is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for the whole world" (but not "the sins of" the whole world). The propitiation avails for all, but it fully avails only for us. (Compare to 1 Timothy 4:10 — "For therefore we both labor and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe." Romans 3:25 — "Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God.") John 1:29 — "The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world!"

Third Proposition: Jesus Christ by His death took away the sin of the world.

His death took the sin of the world out of the way so that a clear way to God and pardon and life was opened for all. Romans 5:18 RV — "So then as through one trespass the judgment came unto all men to condemnation; even so through one act of righteousness the free gift came unto all men to justification of life." 1 Corinthians 15:21-22 — "For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive."

Fourth Proposition: Through the death of Jesus Christ all men obtain resurrection from the dead.

To what it shall be a resurrection, whether to life or to condemnation, shame, and everlasting contempt ( John 5:28-29; Daniel 12:2), depends entirely on what attitude towards Christ the individual takes.

THE RESULTS OF CHRIST'S DEATH IN RELATION TO THE BELIEVER

Isaiah 53:10 RV — "Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief; when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand."

Fifth Proposition: Through Christ's soul being made a guilt-offering for sin (through His death), He sees his seed, He begets a spiritual progeny.

The new race of sons of God springs from Christ's death. (Compare to John 12:24.) In this spiritual progeny that springs from His death Jesus sees of the travail of His soul and is satisfied ( Isaiah 53:11). Hebrews 9:6 — -"For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself."

Sixth Proposition: By His own sacrifice Jesus Christ has nullified sin.

The context shows it is the sin of the believer that is in question. Galatians 3:13 — "Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree."

Seventh Proposition: By the death of Jesus Christ the believer is redeemed from the curse of the law.

The penalty of the broken law has been paid by Jesus Christ, and the broken law has no longer any claim for satisfaction upon the believer. Colossians 2:14 RV — "Having blotted out the bond written in ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us: and he hath taken it out of the way, nailing it to the cross."

Eighth Proposition: By His death upon the cross Jesus Christ has "blotted out," and "taken out of the way,' and "nailed to the cross,' "the bond written in ordinances that was against us," (i.e., the law).

Not only has the curse which the law imposes upon the breaker of it been settled, but the law itself has been done away with by the death of Christ. (Compare 2 Corinthians 3:7,11 RV) Christ has settled all the claims of the law, fulfilled it, and done away with it.

Compare Romans 7:1-4,6 RV "Or are ye ignorant, brethren (for I speak to men that know the law), how that the law hath dominion over man for so long time as he liveth? For the woman that hath a husband is bound by the law while he liveth; but if the husband die, she is discharged from the law of the husband. So then if, while the husband liveth, she be joined to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if the husband die, she is free from the law, so that she is no adulteress, though she be joined to another man. Wherefore, my brethren, ye also were made dead to the law through the body of Christ; that ye should be joined to another, even to him who was raised from the dead, that ye might bring forth fruit unto God. But now we have been discharged from law, having died to that wherein we were holden; so that we serve in newness of the spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter." Ephesians 2:14-16 —"For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us; having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace; And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby."

Ninth Proposition: By the death of Jesus Christ the separation between Jew and Gentile is eliminated.

The law that separates Jew and Gentile, Jesus abolished in his flesh. Now there is neither Jew nor Greek, but all are one man in Christ Jesus ( Galatians 3:28 RV). The blood of Christ is the cement making all nations one. Galatians 4:3-5 — "Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons." (Compare to Galatians 3:13 — "Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree.") Tenth Proposition: By the death of Jesus Christ, Jewish believers are redeemed from subjection to the law to receive the adoption of sons. Ephesians 2:11-13,19 — "Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; that at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: but now, in Christ Jesus, ye who some time were afar off are made nigh by the blood of Christ. Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints, and of the household of God."

Eleventh Proposition: By the death of Jesus Christ, Gentile believers, who were aliens from the commonwealth of lsrael, strangers from the covenants of promise, without God in the world, are made fellow-citizens in the household of God. Romans 5:10 — -"For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son; much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life."

Twelfth Proposition: By the death of Jesus Christ, believers who were once sinners are reconciled to God.

That is, the enmity between God and the sinner is done away. Christ has made peace through the blood of the cross. He hath reconciled believers in the body of His flesh through death. ( Colossians 1:20-22 — "And having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven. And you that were sometimes alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled in the body of his flesh thorough death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight.") Ephesians 1:7 — "In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sin, according to the riches of his grace."

Thirteenth Proposition: By the death of Jesus Christ, believers have redemption, the forgiveness of their sins.

Forgiveness is not something that believers are to secure, it is something the blood has secured and that our faith has appropriated. 1 John 1:7 — "But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin."

Fourteenth Proposition: The blood of Jesus Christ cleanses from all sin those who walk in the light.

QUESTION: Does this mean cleanses from the guilt that sin brings upon the sinner, or does it mean cleanses from the very presence of sin itself? Leviticus 16:30 — "For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the Lord." Leviticus 17:11 — "For the life of the flesh is in the blood; and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul." Leviticus 14:19,31 — "And the priest shall offer the sin offering, and make an atonement for him that is to be cleansed from his uncleanness; and afterward he shall kill the burnt offering: Even such as he is able to get, the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, with the meat offering: and the priest shall make an atonement for him that is to be cleansed before the Lord." Jeremiah 33:8 — "And I will cleanse them from all their iniquities, whereby they have sinned against me; and I will pardon all their iniquities, whereby they have sinned, and whereby they have transgressed against me." Psalm 51:7 — "Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me and I shall be whiter than snow." Revelation 1:5 — "And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first-begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth.

Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood." Revelation 7:14 "And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb." Hebrews 9:22-23 — "And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood there is no remission. It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these." Ephesians 1:7 — "In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace." Romans 3:25 — "Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God." Romans 5:9 — "Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him." Matthew 26:28 — "For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins."

ANSWER: From these passages it is evident that in Bible usage, cleansing by blood is cleansing from guilt. Through the shed blood of Christ, all who walk in the light are cleansed continuously — every hour and minute — from the guilt of sin. There is absolutely no sin upon them; there may still be sin in them. Not the blood, but the living Christ and the Holy Spirit, deal with that. Romans 5:9 — "Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him."

Fifteenth Proposition: By (or in) the blood of Christ believers are justified.

QUESTION: What is the difference between forgiveness and justification?

ANSWER: Forgiveness is negative — the putting away of sin.

Justification is positive the reckoning positively righteous. By reason of Christ's death there is an interchange of positions between Christ and the believer. In death Christ takes our place of condemnation before God, and we take His place of acceptance before God. ( 2 Corinthians 5:21 — "For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.") Romans 8:33-34 — -"Who shall lay anything to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth. Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us."

Sixteenth Proposition: Because of Christ's death, none can condemn the elect (or the believer in Christ).

There is absolutely no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus — the death of Christ has settled that forever Romans 8:1,3 RV — "There is now no condemnation to them who are in Christ Jesus. For that the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and as an offering for sin, condemned sin in the flesh." Acts 20:28 — "Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood." 1 Corinthians 6:20 — "For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's." Revelation 5:9-10 RV — "And they sang a new song, saying, Worthy art thou to take the book, and to open the seals thereof; for thou wast slain, and didst purchase unto God with thy blood men of every tribe, and tongue, and people, and nation, and madest them to be unto God a kingdom and priests; and they reign upon the earth."

Seventeenth Proposition: By the death of Jesus Christ, the whole church, and each believer, were purchased unto God and are now His own property.

We belong to God. Neither the devil, nor the world, nor ourselves have any claims upon us. God will take care of His own property. (Compare 1 Peter 2:9 RV — "But ye are an elect race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God's own possession, that ye may shew forth the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.") Hebrews 10:10 — "By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all."

Eighteenth Proposition: Through the offering of the body of Christ, believers in Him are sanctified.

Every believer in Christ is sanctified. The sacrifice of Christ sets Him apart for God. The blood of Christ separates the believer from the world. (Compare Exodus 11:7 with Exodus 12:13.) We are to live out in our walk the separation between us and the world, which already exists by virtue of Christ's death. Hebrews 10:14 "For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified."

Nineteenth Proposition: By one offering — -the offering of His own life — Jesus Christ has perfected us forever QUESTION: In what sense have believers been made forever perfect?

ANSWER: Verses 1-2 — "For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices, which they offered year by year continually, make the comers thereunto perfect. For then would they not have ceased to be offered, because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins?"

Believers have been made perfect in their standing before God, not perfect in their state. By the death of Christ the believer is forever cleansed from all sense of guilt. Our sins are put away by the one all-sufficient sacrifice. Hebrews 9:14 — "How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?"

Twentieth Proposition: The blood of Christ cleanses the conscience of the believer from dead works to serve the living God.

Not only does the blood of Christ relieve the conscience of the believer from the burden of guilt, but also from the burden of his own efforts to atone for sin and please God — "dead works." Sin is seen entirely settled by the perfect sacrifice, and now the believer, with a conscience free from guilt and also from the burden of his own imperfect works, enters into the service of the living God in the liberty and power of sonship. (Compare to Romans 8:15 — "For ye have not receive the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.") There are many today who call themselves Christians who have not permitted the blood of Christ to cleanse their conscience from dead works.

They are constantly under the burden of doing something to atone for sin and to commend them to God. We have nothing to do, it is all done, the blood of Christ has forever commended us to God. ( 2 Corinthians 5:21 — "For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him." Romans 3:21-22 — "But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifest, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe; for there is no difference.") There are three classes of men: (1) those who are not burdened by sin, but love it, (2) those who are burdened by sin and seek to get rid of the burden through their own effort, by doing something to atone for it to God — "dead works," and (3) those who believe in Christ and His atoning blood and see their sin settled forever by his death, having had their consciences cleansed from both guilt and dead works. Their hearts are filled with love for God, and they serve God in the freedom of the love born of a faith in the cleansing and perfecting blood. Hebrews 10:19-20 — "Having, therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh."

Twenty-first Proposition: By the blood of Christ — because of His death — the believer has boldness to enter into the holy place, into the very presence of God.

QUESTION: God is holy?

ANSWER: Yes.

QUESTION: And I am a sinner?

ANSWER: Yes, but by the wondrous offering of Christ "once for all," we are perfected; and on the grounds of that blood, so precious to God, we can march boldly into the very presence of God. Oh, wondrous blood! Revelation 22:14 RV — "Blessed are they that wash their robes, that they may have the right to come to the tree of life, and may enter in by the gates into the city." (Compare 7:14 "And I say unto him, my Lord, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which come out of the great tribulation, and they washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb."

Twenty-second Proposition: Because of the cleansing power of Christ's blood, those who trust in it for their righteousness (instead of trusting in their own good deeds) have the right to enter into God's presence forever in heaven. (Compare Genesis 3:22-24 "And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever: Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. So he drove out the man: and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life." 1 Thessalonians 5:10 — "Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him."

Twenty-third Proposition: Because of the death of Christ, believers shall live together with Him. Revelation 7:14-15 — "And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them."

Twenty-fourth Proposition: Because of the cleansing power of His blood, those who wash their robes and make them white in it shall be before the throne of God. Christ on the cross opens the way for others before the throne.

These seem to be the tribulation believers. We shall be on the throne, not before it. See Revelation 3:21 — "To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcome, and am set down with my Father in his throne." Hebrews 9:15 RV — "And for this cause he is the mediator of a new covenant, that a death having taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first covenant, they that have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance."

Twenty-fifth Proposition: Because of Christ's death, those who have been called receive the promise of the eternal inheritance. Romans 6:3,6,8, RV — "Or are ye ignorant that all who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? Knowing this, that our old man was crucified with him, that the body of sin might be done away, that so we should no longer be in bondage to sin; But if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him." Galatians 2:20, RV — "I have been crucified with Christ; yet I live; and yet no longer I, but Christ liveth in me: and that life which I now live in the flesh I live in faith, the faith which is in the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself up for me." Galatians 6:14 "But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world." 2 Corinthians 5:14 RV — "For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judgeth, that one died for all, therefore all died."

Twenty-sixth Proposition: In the death of Christ we died; in His crucifixion we were crucified; when He was nailed to the cross "the old man" was nailed to the cross — this is our real position because of His death.

Christian living consists of living this out in life. We should see ourselves on the cross in the place of the curse and no longer try to live, but let Christ live in us. As the old man was crucified I should reckon myself dead to sin but alive to God in Christ ( Romans 6:11 RV). How few of us see ourselves where the death of Christ put us. This is the great reason why the risen Christ cannot live the fulness of His resurrection life in us. We must be dead with Christ before we can live with Him. 1 Peter 2:21 — "For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that we should follow his steps." Matthew 16:24 — "Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross and follow me."

Twenty-seventh Proposition: The death of Christ is an example left us that we should follow His steps.

This was evidently not the main purpose of his death, as so many make it today, but an incidental result. (See also 1 Peter 1:18-19 — "Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.") Romans 8:32 — "He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?"

Twenty-eighth Proposition: In the death of His Son, God has given to the believer a guarantee that God will freely give us all things. Hebrews 2:14-15 RV — "Since then the children are sharers in flesh and blood, he also himself in like manner partook of the same; that through death he might bring to naught him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; and might deliver all them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage."

Twenty-ninth Proposition: By His death Jesus Christ has delivered all them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.

This might come under the Purpose of Christ's death.

THE RESULTS OF CHRIST'S DEATH IN RELATION TO THE POWER OF DARKNESS

John 12:31 — "Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out." (See in context verses 27-28, 32-33.)

Thirtieth Proposition: Through Christ's death the casting out of Satan from this world is secured.

Since Christ's death Satan is a usurper whose ultimate dethronement is assured. Hebrews 2:14 RV — "Since then the children are sharers in flesh and blood, he also himself in like manner partook of the same; that through death he might bring to naught him that had the power of death, that is, the devil."

Thirty-first Proposition: Through Christ's death, Satan is rendered ineffective.

The death of Christ was death to Satan's power. He could no longer wield the power of death over those who appropriated the virtue of Christ's death. Colossians 2:14-15 — "Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; and having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it."

Thirty-second Proposition: In Christ's death, God triumphed over the principalities and the powers and exposed them to open disgrace.

As to what these principalities and powers are, see Ephesians 6:12, RV — "For our wrestling is not against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against the powers, against the world-rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual hoses of wickedness in the heavenly places." It was in the cross of Christ that God fought the decisive battle and won the decisive victory over the devil. The moment of Satan's seeming victory was the moment of his overwhelming defeat. He is now a conquered foe. In the cross God celebrated a triumph over him. The whole meaning of this conflict and this victory at the cross will be, I believe, a subject for contemplation and wonder at the wisdom of God in the eternal world.

THE RESULT OF CHRIST'S DEATH IN RELATION TO THE MATERIAL UNIVERSE

Colossians 1:19-20 — "For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell; and, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven."

Thirty-third Proposition: Through Christ's death the whole material universe — "all things, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven" — is reconciled unto God.

The material universe has fallen away from God in connection with sin ( Romans 8:20 RV; Genesis 3:18). Not earth only, but heaven has been invaded and polluted by sin ( Ephesians 6:12 RV; Hebrews 9:23-24). Through the death of Christ this pollution is put away. Just as the blood of the Old Testament sacrifice was taken into the most holy place, Christ has taken the blood of the better sacrifice into heaven itself and cleansed it: "All things.., whether they be things in earth or things in heaven" are now reconciled to God. "The creation itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the liberty of the glory of the children of God" ( Romans 8:21). "We look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness" ( 2 Peter 3:13). The atonement of Christ has an immense.' sweep — far beyond the reach of our human philosophies. We have just begun to understand what that blood that was spilled on Calvary means. Sin is a far more awful, ruinous, and far-reaching evil than we have been wont to think, but the blood of Christ has a power and efficiency, the fulness of which only eternity will disclose.