Torrey - Christ -5.2- The Purpose of Christ's Death

II. THE PURPOSE OF HIS DEATH. Isaiah 53:5 — "But he was wounded [Hebrew "pierced"; same Hebrew word is so translated in RV of Isaiah 51:9] for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed." Isaiah 53:8, 11-12 — "He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors." 1 Peter 3:18 — "For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit." Romans 4:25 — "Who was delivered for our offenses, and was raised again for our justification." 1 Corinthians 15:3 — "For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures." 1 Peter 2:24 "Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye are healed."

First Proposition: Jesus Christ died because of the sins of others.

It was sin that made His death necessary. It was not His own sin, but that of others that He bore in His death. His death was vicarious (i.e., a just one who deserved to live, dying in the place of the unjust men who deserved to die). Matthew 20:28 — "Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many."

Second Proposition: Jesus Christ gave His life as a ransom.

His death was the price paid to redeem others from death. Isaiah 53:10, RV — "Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin (Hebrews 'a guilt-offering'), he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand."

Third Proposition: Jesus Christ's soul was made a guilt-offering for sin.

It was on the ground of His death that pardon is granted to sinners. See Leviticus 6:6-7, RV. See also Hebrews 9:22 ("And almost all things are by the law purged with blood: and without shedding of blood is no remission") and Hebrews 9:28 ("So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation''). Compare to Isaiah 53:12. 1 John 4:10 — "Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins." (The definition in Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament of the word translated "propitiation" is a "means of appeasing.") Romans 3:25 — "Whom God set forth to be a propitiation, through faith, by his blood, to show his righteousness, because of the passing over of the sins done aforetime, in the forbearance of God." (The word here translated "propitiation" means practically the same thing as the word used above — "an expiatory sacrifice.") Fourth Proposition: Jesus Christ is the propitiation for our sins.

God set Him forth to be a propitiation by His blood. Through the shedding of Christ's blood, or death, the wrath of God against us as sinners is appeased.

God is holy and must hate sin and His holiness and hatred of sin must manifest itself. His wrath at sin must strike somewhere, on the sinner himself or upon a lawful substitute. Isaiah 53:6 says, "All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all." (See RV Margin. The literally translated Hebrew is, "made to strike upon.") And Isaiah 53:8, RV Am. App. — "By oppression and judgment he was taken away; and as for his generation, who among them considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living, for the transgression of my people to whom the stroke was due." "The stroke due" to others fell upon Him and He was consequently "cut off out of the land of the living." The death of Christ has its first cause in the demands of God's holiness. Galatians 3:10,13 — "For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree."

Fifth Proposition: Jesus Christ died to redeem us from the curse of the law by bearing that curse Himself. 1 Corinthians 5:7 — "For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us." (Compare to Exodus 12:13,23 — "And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.") Sixth Proposition: Jesus Christ died as our passover sacrifice, that His shed blood might serve as a ground upon which God would pass over and spare us. Galatians 4:4-5 — "But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons."

Seventh Proposition: Jesus Christ died to redeem those under the law that we might receive the adoption of sons, that the death of Christ might serve as a ground upon which men might be delivered from the claims of the law and be made sons. Galatians 1:4 "Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father."

Eighth Proposition: Jesus Christ died to deliver us from this present evil age.

We were in bondage to this age by sin and law. By the death of Jesus Christ we were delivered from this age to become citizens of heaven and sons of God ( Philippians 3:20). (Compare Galatians 4:3-5, 7-9; 5:1.) 1 Peter 3:18 — "For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit."

Ninth Proposition: Jesus Christ died to bring us to God.

His death puts out of the way the impassable gulf that yawns between a holy God and sinful man. John 12:24 "Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit."

Tenth Proposition: Jesus Christ died that He might bring forth much fruit. From His death sprang up the new race of Sons of God. Romans 14:9, RV — "For to this end Christ died, and lived again, that he might be the Lord of both the dead and the living."

Eleventh Proposition: Jesus Christ died and lived again that He might be the Lord of both the dead and living.