Torrey - Christ -3.4- Human Limitations of Christ



John 4:6 — "Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus, therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour."

Jesus Christ was weary. See Isaiah 40:28 — "Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? there is no searching of his understanding." Matthew 8:24 "And behold there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep."

Jesus Christ slept. Compare to <19C104> Psalm 121:4-5 — "Behold he that keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep. The LORD is thy keeper; the Lord is thy shade upon thy right hand." Matthew 21:18 — "Now in the morning as he returned into the city, he hungered."

Jesus Christ hungered. John 19:28 — "After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst."

Jesus Christ thirsted. Luke 22:44 "And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground."

Jesus Christ suffered physical agony. 1 Corinthians 15:3 — "For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures."

Jesus Christ died.

First Proposition: Jesus Christ was subject to weariness, hunger, thirst, agony, and death — to the physical limitations of human nature.


Luke 2:52 RV — "And Jesus advanced in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man."

Jesus Christ advanced in wisdom and stature and in favor with God and man. He was subject to human conditions of physical, mental, and moral growth.

Mark 1 1:13 — "And seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came, if haply he might find anything thereon: and when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves; for the time of figs was not yet." Mark 13:32 — "But of that day and that hour knoweth no man; no, not the angels which are in Heaven, neither the Son, but the Father."

Second Proposition: The knowledge of Jesus Christ was subject to limitation. (Compare to Luke 2:52.) Note 1. His knowledge was self-limited. ( Philippians 2:5 RV — "Emptied himself." Must not press this verse too far. The context shows an emptying of glory rather than of attributes.) Note 2. John 3:34 "For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him." As a teacher Jesus was divinely and fully inspired so that he spoke "the words of God." Note 3. The indwelling divine nature often burst through the veil of flesh (see passages under Chapter l), but as a man he was a real man in his mental makeup. Hebrews 4:15 — "For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin." Hebrews 2:18 — "For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succor them that are tempted." (Comp. James 1:13 — "Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God can not be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man.

Third Proposition: Jesus Christ was tempted. He was subject to the essential moral limitations of human nature.

Note. A carnal nature is not an essential part of human nature. It does not belong to human nature as God made it. It is what has become part of human nature by sin. "Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same: that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil" ( Hebrews 2:14). Philippians 2:5-8 — "Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God. But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross."

Jesus Christ in His own moral limitation was self-limited. He voluntarily placed himself underneath the essential moral limitations that man is under in order to redeem man. Wondrous love! Note that He was tempted "without sin."

Fourth Proposition: Jesus Christ was subject to the intellectual and moral limitations essential to human nature.


Mark 1:35 — "And in the morning, rising up a great while before day, he went out, and departed into a solitary place, and there prayed." John 6:15 — "When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone." (Comp. Matthew 14:23 — "And when he had sent the multitudes away, he went up into a mountain apart to pray: and when the evening was come, he was there alone.") Luke 22:41-45 — "And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed, saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless, not my will, but thine, be done.

And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him.

And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow." Hebrews 5:7 — "Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared."

Fifth Proposition: Jesus Christ prayed (twenty-five times mentioned). He obtained power for work and for moral victory as other men do, by prayer. He was subject to human conditions for obtaining what He desired. Acts 10:38 — "How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him."

Sixth Proposition: Jesus Christ obtained power for His divine works not by His inherent divinity but by the anointing of the Holy Spirit. He was subject to the same conditions of power as other men. John 14:12 — "Verily, verily, I say unto you, he that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father."

Seventh Proposition: Jesus Christ was subject to limitation in the exercise of power during the days of His humiliation.

Concluding Proposition: Jesus Christ was subject to human conditions for obtaining power and to human limitations in its exercise during the days of His humiliation.