Torrey - Christ -1.1- Divine Names of Jesus

I. DIVINE NAMES OF JESUS.

Luke 22:70 — "Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am."

The Son of God: This name is given to Christ forty times. Besides this the synonymous expressions, "His Son" and "My Son" occur frequently. That this name used for Christ is a distinctly divine name comes from John 5:18-''Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because He not only had broken the Sabbath, but said also that God was His Father, making himself equal with God." John 1:18 — "No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him."

The Only Begotten Son: This name occurs five times. It is evident that the statement Jesus Christ is the Son of God only in the same sense that all men are sons of God is not true. Compare to Mark 12:6 — "Having yet therefore one son, his well-beloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, They will reverence my son." Here Jesus Himself, having spoken of all the prophets as servants of God, speaks of Himself as "one," a beloved "Son." Revelation 1:17 — "And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last."

The First and the Last: Compare to Isaiah 41:4 "Who hath wrought and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I the LOAD, the first, and with the last; I am he" and to Isaiah 44:6 — "Thus saith the LoAD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LoAD of Hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God." In these latter passages it is "Jehovah of hosts" who is "the first and the last." Revelation 22:12-13,16 — "And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last. I, Jesus, have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star."

The Alpha and Omega: the Beginning and the Ending: Revelation 1:8 RV — "I am the Alpha and the Omega saith the Lord God, which is and which was and which is to come, the Almighty." Here it is Jesus Christ, referred to as the Lord God, who is the Alpha and Omega. Acts 3:14 — "But he denied the Holy One and the just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you."

The Holy One: In Hosea 11:9 ("I will not return to destroy Ephraim: for I am God and not man; the Holy One in the midst of thee: and I will not enter into the city") and many other passages; it is God who is "the Holy One." Since the disciples referred to Jesus as the Holy One, they equated him with God. Malachi 3:1 — "Behold I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold he shall come, saith the LORD of Hosts." Luke 2:11 — "For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, which is Christ the Lord." Acts 9:17 — "And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, that appeared unto thee in the way as thou camest, hath sent me, that thou mightest receive thy sight, and be filled with the Holy Ghost." (Compare with John 20:28; Hebrews 1:10.)

The Lord: This name or title is used for Jesus several hundred times. The word translated "Lord" is used in the New Testament in speaking of men nine times (e.g., Acts 16:30; Ephesians 4:1; John 12:21), but not at all in the way it is used of Christ. He is spoken of as "the Lord" just as God is. See, for example, Acts 4:26 — -"The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord, and against his Christ" and 4:33 — "And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was given them all."

Note also Matthew 22:43-45 — "He saith unto them, How, then, doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, The Lord said unto my Lord, sit thou on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. If David called him Lord, how is he his son?" Philippians 2:11 — "And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father" and Ephesians 4:5 — "One Lord, one faith, one baptism." Acts 10:36 — "The word which God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ (he is Lord of all)."

Lord of All. 1 Corinthians 2:8 — "Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory." Psalm 24:8-10 — "Who is this King of Glory? The LORD strong and mighty, the Load mighty in battle. Lift up your heads, O ye gates: even lift them up, ye everlasting doors: and the king of glory shall come in. Who is this King of Glory? The LORD of hosts, he is the King of Glory."

The Lord of Glory and the King of Glory. Isaiah 9:6 — "And his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, the everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace."

Wonderful, Mighty God: Since Isaiah 9:6 is widely understood to predict the coming of the Messiah, we can take these as names of Jesus.

Compare to Judges 13:18, RV — "And the angel of the Lord said unto him, Wherefore askest thou after my name, seeing it is wonderful?" Hebrews 1:8 — "But unto the son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of Thy kingdom."

God: In John 20:28 — "And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God." Thomas calls Jesus "my God," and is gently rebuked for not believing it before. Matthew 1:23 — "Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us."

God with us. Titus 2:13 RV — "Looking for the blessed hope and appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ."

Our Great God. Romans 9:5 — "Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen."

God Blessed Forever.

Proposition: Sixteen names clearly implying deity are used for Christ in the Bible, some of them over and over again, the total number of passages reaching far into the hundreds.