Bible Verses About Courts of Justice

Courts of Justice.
    Have authority from God  Ro 13:1-5
    Superior court
      Held first by Moses alone in the wilderness.  Ex 18:13-20
      Consisted subsequently of priests and Levites.  De 17:9; Mal 2:7
      Presided over by the governor or the high priest.  De 17:12; Jdj 4:4,5
      Held at the seat of government.  De 17:8
      Decided on all appeals and difficult cases.  Ex 18:26; De 1:17; 17:8,9
      Decisions of, conclusive.  De 17:10,11
    Inferior court
      In all cities.  De 16:18; 2Ch 19:5-7
      Held at the gates.  Ge 34:20; De 16:18; 21:19; Job 5:4
      Judges of, appointed by the governor.  Ex 18:21,25; De 1:9-15; 2Sa 15:3
      All minor cases decided by.  Ex 18:26; 2Sa 15:4
      All transfers of property made before.  Ge 23:17-20; Ru 4:1,2
    Re-established by Jehoshaphat  2Ch 19:5-10
    Re-established by Ezra  Ezr 7:25
    Sanhedrim or court of the seventy
      Probably derived from the seventy elders appointed by Moses.  Ex 24:9; Nu 11:16,17,24-30
      Mentioned in the latter part of sacred history.  Lu 22:66; Joh 11:47; Ac 5:27
      Consisted of chief priest, &c.  Mt 26:57,59
      Presided over by high priest.  Mt 26:62-66
      Sat in high priest's palace.  Mt 26:57,58
    Of the romans in Judea
      Presided over by the governor or deputy.  Mt 27:2,11; Ac 18:12
      Place of, called the hall of judgment.  Joh 18:28,33; 19:9
      Never interfered in any dispute about minor matters or about religion.  Ac 18:14,15
      Could alone award death.  Joh 18:31
      Never examined their own citizens by torture.  Ac 22:25-29
      Appeals from, made to the emperor.  Ac 25:11; 26:32; 28:19
    Generally held in the morning  Jer 21:12; Mt 27:1; Lu 22:66; Ac 5:21
    Sometimes held in synagogues  Mt 10:17; Ac 22:19; 26:11; Jas 2:2
    Provided with
      Judges.  De 16:18
      Officers.  De 16:18; Mt 5:25
      Tormentors or executioners.  Mt 18:34
    Judges of
      Called elders.  De 25:7; 1Sa 16:4
      Called magistrates.  Lu 12:58
      Rode often on white asses.  Jdj 5:10
      To judge righteously.  Le 19:15; De 1:6
      To judge without respect of persons.  Ex 23:3,6; Le 19:15; De 1:17; Pr 22:22
      To investigate every case.  De 19:18
      Not to take bribes.  Ex 23:8; De 16:19
      To judge as for God.  2Ch 19:6,7,9
      To decide according to the law.  Eze 44:24
      To promote peace.  Zec 8:16
      Sat on the judgment-seat while hearing causes.  Ex 18:13; Jdj 5:10; Isa 28:6; Mt 27:19
      Examined the parties.  Ac 24:8
      Conferred together before giving judgment.  Ac 5:34-40; 25:12; 26:30,31
      Pronounced the judgment of the court.  Mt 26:65,66; Lu 23:24; Ac 5:40
    Both the accusers and accused required to appear before  De 25:1; Ac 25:16
    Causes in, were opened by
      The complainant.  1Ki 3:17-21; Ac 16:19-21
      An advocate.  Ac 24:1
    The accused
      Stood before the judge.  Nu 35:12; Mt 27:11
      Permitted to plead their own cause.  1Ki 3:22; Ac 24:10; 26:1
      Might have advocates.  Pr 31:8,9; Isa 1:17
      Exhorted to confess.  Jos 7:19
      Examined on oath.  Le 5:1; Mt 26:63
      Sometimes examined by torture.  Ac 22:24,29
      Sometimes treated with insult.  Mt 26:67; Joh 18:22,23; Ac 23:2,3
      The evidence of two or more witnesses required in.  De 17:6; 19:15; Joh 8:17; 2Co 13:1
      Witnesses sometimes laid their hands on the criminal's head before punishment.  Le 24:14
    False witnesses in to receive the punishment of the accused  De 19:19
    Corruption and bribery often practised in  Isa 10:1; Am 5:12; 8:6
    The judgment of
      Not given till accused was heard.  Joh 7:51
      Recorded in writing.  Isa 10:1
      Immediately executed.  De 25:2; Jos 7:25; Mr 15:15-20
      Witnesses first to execute.  De 17:7; Ac 7:58
      Allusions to.  Job 5:4; Ps 127:5; Mt 5:22
      Illustrative of the last judgment.  Mt 19:28; Ro 14:10; 1Co 6:2